Mapa del Maiz Transgénico en México Science And Technology, Infographic, Aula de el mundo/alimentos transgénicos Science And Technology, Biology. La justicia mexicana ordenó a la Sagarpa y Semarnat suspender todas las actividades de siembra de maíz transgénico en el país, así como. Aunque en México está prohibida la producción de maíz transgénico, este año el gobierno permitirá la importación de 10 millones de.
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GRAIN is a small international non-profit organisation that works to support small farmers and social movements in their struggles for community-controlled and biodiversity-based food systems. The whole continent is seeing a wave of measures, such as seed and intellectual property laws, designed to facilitate multinational control over agriculture.
We are seeing the proliferation of authoritarian crop intensification systems whose ultimate result is to contaminate native maize varieties in the very centre of origin of this crop — one of the four most important crops in the history of humanity.
Approval was not granted, the dates for a ruling expired, and the planting season for irrigated maize for northern Mexico, where the permits transyenico requested, is over for the time being. This success is a significant achievement on the part of Mexican and international organizations.
¡No al maíz transgénico!
Months of effort, initiative, and coordinated mobilization have gone into this. Information has been disseminated through the newspapers, social networks, meetings, assemblies, workshops, international petition campaigns, strikes, sit-in and fasts, public debates, and radio spots by well-known activists, intellectuals, and artists.
Countless opinion pieces, news stories, billboards, and Web video and radio interviews have appeared. The national and international political cost in terms of public opinion continues to rise. On another level, the legal and administrative tangle through which various government bodies are attempting to navigate has made it very difficult for them to act in a coordinated fashion.
But it would be a mistake to assume the threat no longer exists. When planting time irrigated or seasonal rolls around again in northern Mexico, we will find out whether the corporations think they have their winning conditions in place. Applications for new permits have already been filed, covering as much as 36 million hectares.
There is a danger that the new Mexican federal government will use its so-called National Crusade against Hunger, which it is trumpeting to international agencies and the public, as a Trojan horse transegnico GE crops. Among its allies, it seems, we find some of the same players that have been promoting GMOs as a way to increase productivity, deal een climate change, and offers scientific solutions for agriculture.
It mexoco important for government at all levels, plus civil society and the private sector, to coordinate their efforts and take action together. Click here for the list of genetically engineered maize varieties being exported by the government of South Africa. As the new administration took power, various student, community, and environmental organizations, both urban and rural, held an event on the steps of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries, and Food Sagarpawhich has final authority over GMO permits.
We have said it before, but it must be repeated: Mexico and all Mesoamerica and beyond are the centre of origin and diversification of maize.
We stand wn the political, biological, and territorial integrity of Mexico as the centre of origin and ongoing diversity of maize, as embodied in the continuing vitality of its indigenous peoples. Today, after eleven years of resistance, we raise our voices along with the many others who have sounded the alarm against the threat of permits being granted for commercial planting of GMOs on over 2.
These are states in which large quantities of maize are grown for human consumption.
Rechazo internacional a la siembra de maíz transgénico en México | Grupo ETC
Our cities would be inundated with contaminated maize that has been shown to be associated with health risks in studies trangenico other countries — which is precisely what our communities and organizations have been saying for the past eleven years.
RDM has maintained a three-pronged strategy throughout this time: The organization recently stated:. We salute all those communities and organizations working at the local and regional levels that have reached agreements, or passed bylaws and regulations, posing a real barrier to the entry of GMOs into their localities; all those people who have stayed alert and rejected unknown, alien or hybrid seeds provided by government programs and companies who try to bribe the people with programs or trnsgenico.
This active moratorium has been kept up for eleven years, and Mexico continues to be a country where GMOs have not prevailed. This is why, given the emergency we are now facing, it is so important to redouble our efforts to preserve and fortify native seeds and the trusted channels through which they are exchanged, and through which their diversity is preserved.
At the same time, we must root out all alien or unknown seeds, especially if those seeds are promoted by the government and the companies. Of course, it is no longer just a problem of careful planting, harvesting, and exchange of seeds through trusted channels.
We must now pay close attention to the origin of all the maize we consume, knowing that it is found in a great variety of processed foods. We must heighten our efforts to reject processed products containing industrial maize ingredients, since they are bound to be transgenic. Shortly afterward, the international organization AVAAZ published a petition against GE maize, with more than 42, signatures from people around the world, as a result of a campaign launched in conjunction with the Mexican organizations involved.
Its press release states:. With this act of voluntary mortificationl as a civic gesture, we honour those 30 million of our compatriots who go hungry or cannot get enough food every day. We wish to share our concern for the health, culture, and economy of our nation, which are being degraded by a development model that favors a minority, including those transnational corporations that are now conspiring to take control over one of the greatest treasures of our peoples: We wish to express our outrage at the immense crime that would be committed against the Mexican people if GE maize were approved for commercial planting.
We demand that the federal government put the interests of rural people and the majority of Mexican farmers above those of the transnationals. In late Septemberbroad-based organizations from both rural and urban areas held a series of grassroots workshops in working-class neighborhoods of several cities to inform the public about the prospect of a transgenic invasion, create opportunities for dialogue and strategizing, and prepare themselves to fend off such an invasion if it should materialize.
Between January and March of this year, a whole range of activities took place with a view to strengthening national and international alliances among grassroots organizations as well as spearheading analysis of the disastrous implications of GMOs for maize diversity in its centre of origin, and thus for peasant agriculture and public health. Perhaps there has never been a time when the importance of defending maize and keeping out GMOs have been so firmly understood by the general public in Mexico.
None of them showed up or even formally responded to the invitation. Sagarpa, in a phone conversation, declined to attend because it is allegedly waiting for direction from the new government before taking a policy position. Conabio did not attend either, even though in October it had published a report clearly stating its doubts about the merits of approving GMOs: Mena said that the community has lost 1, hives due to the spraying of neighboring monocultures.
The discussion was attended by over a thousand people.
Rechazo internacional a la siembra de maíz transgénico en México
Turrent stressed that there is no need for GMOs in Mexico, where there are plenty of native seed varieties. Mexico is the centre of origin of maize and the region with the greatest existing genetic diversity in this crop and its wild relatives. In comparison, Mexican peasants plant about billion maize seeds every year, representing 59 native landraces. They harvest 20 trillion grains of maize, all of it exposed to adaptive environmental forces during the season. Producers exchange seeds within the community, and some sell their seeds locally or regionally.
This dynamic, unparalleled mega-experiment in indigenous plant breeding is one the peoples of Mesoamerica have been carrying out ceaselessly for over six thousand years. The host organizations issued a press release that joins the hundreds of other statements and documents that together present an edifice of irrefutable argument. Their first grievance was that not a single government official was in attendance, even though invitations were sent out well in advance. This is why we are demanding that the Mexican government follow the recommendation of the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier de Schutter, who in urged the authorities to reestablish the moratorium on field trials and commercial cultivation of genetically modified maize and to ban its commercial cultivation in order to protect biodiversity.
GRAIN — Hands off our maize! Resistance to GMOs in Mexico
We reject GE maize not only because of the threat it poses to world biodiversity but because of the likelihood of irreversible genetic contamination of native varieties; the certainty of seeds being concentrated in the hands of a few companies, making Mexican farmers captive consumers of their inputs and jeopardizing food security and sovereignty; the prospect that the history and culture of the diverse Mexican peoples will be destroyed, and many other considerations beyond the scope of science as such.
The FAO repeated its response of two years ago:. The position of the FAO has always been to recognize that genetically modified organisms raise difficult issues and that member countries and their citizens must make their own decisions in regard to planning, investment, marketing, research, training, and use of genetically modified organisms.
Policy and decision-making responsibility on GMOs rest with the government of each country. This response is far removed from the one given in a letter to the same organizations by Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias of the Convention on Biological Diversity:.
In the letter, I reminded them of their obligations under the Convention and the Biosafety Protocol and I particularly stressed the importance of Mexico as a centre of origin of maize, the fundamental role of maize in world food security, and the importance of preserving the genetic diversity of the species faced with the challenges of climate change and other environmental pressures.
I hope that the government of Mexico will take account of the concerns of all interested parties and will make appropriate decisions. Amidst the misinformation surrounding the question of whether permits for large-scale planting of GE maize in Mexico will be approved or denied, it is important to make the links between two developments: For years now in Africa, the Alliance for a New Green Revolution AGRA has been using hunger as a pretext for the real crusade, which seeks to raise yields and place restrictions on what can be grown where.
Lumpkin claims that when delivered by non-profit organisations such as CIMMYT, genetically modified organisms GMOs can help tackle rural inequality by spreading technology that is currently largely limited to the developed world. Lumpkin says companies such as Monsanto are willing to do this when the varieties produced are designed for markets that are not commercially significant.
The goal for the four-month horizon is to identify the main weed plants, and for the six-month horizon to evaluate the main GE maize lines in terms of biomass and seed production, in order to improve Kenyan crops. These well-funded projects leave a bitter taste since the Green Revolution signified a new phase in the war on subsistence, with crop intensification and lab-created seed programs, eroded and drug-addicted soils, and vilification of peasants as allegedly inefficient producers.
The Gates Foundation has for some time been promoting its new Green Revolution for Africa, creating a whirlwind of resistance as restrictions on what, how, and where to plant have become increasingly intolerable. Throughout this war, popular cultures and their areas of subsistence — their territories — have been devastated at all levels. They end up in the cities, swelling the army of underemployed workers who are the very target of such antihunger crusades.
Pambazuka Press,79— The company owns the exclusive worldwide rights to the IP portfolio developed by Dr. Caught up in the whirl of events and in the crush of deadlines for granting or denying the commercial planting permits that Monsanto, Dow Agrosciences, and Pioneer PHI Mexico applied for in September, the organizations involved in the fight against GMOs turned to legal channels.
Conflicting interpretations of the regulations were circulating. One said that since fifty days had elapsed without the assessing agency issuing a recommendation to the decision-making agency, that meant commercial planting of GMOs had been approved by default. Another countered that since four months had elapsed since the filing of the applications, the permit was deemed to have been denied.
With approval still a serious threat, the groups resumed their mobilization efforts. After years of litigation, Schmeiser lost the case and the company was strengthened. His comments added to the confusion surrounding the bewildering variety of reports, opinions, approvals, sanctions, and decisions from different government departments, agencies, and institutes. The number of poor people increased from The conclusion is that most of the antipoverty budget is absorbed by the bureaucracy that administers the programs.
The collective assessed the need to take preventive legal action and took stock of recent successes:. In recent years, Mexican activists have put the grave problem of GE contamination in the centre of origin of maize on the radar screen in this country and abroad.
No one can now ignore the crucial importance of the number one food staple of the Mexican people and many other peoples around the world. The issue has gone international. Activists marshaled a wide range of responses to GMOs and to what had seemed to be the unquestionable authority of government officials and scientists.
The coalition includes concerned scientists and academics, students, human rights advocates, neighborhood activists, religious and health activists, social reform and protest movements, environmental victims, and peasant and indigenous farm and community organizations.
Even unaffiliated citizens have come to recognize the importance of the struggle to their own well-being, and in particular the identity, food security and sovereignty, and national sovereignty aspects of this struggle. They grasp the need for resistance. The procedure and deadlines for the approval or denial of commercial planting permits have clearly expired. Any new attempt will have to proceed accordingly, through the proper legal and regulatory channels.
It is a significant and straightforward victory in a context in which disinformation and institutional opacity have been the norm. After all, activist organizations have had to make numerous requests for information, going as far as to appeal to the Federal Access to Information Institute, before they could obtain a useful response from any government department. However, with institutional silence continuing to weigh heavily around the approval or denial of the permit applications which, we stress, have now expiredthe main question the movements are pondering is: What will we do if and when the permits are finally approved, through either legislation or exploitation of legal loopholes, and corporations actually start planting?
The answers are clear. For many organizations, it will be important to prepare legal challenges, even if commercial planting of GMOs is asserted to be permitted under laws — such as the Biosafety and Genetically Modified Organisms Act or the Seed Production, Certification, and Marketing Act — which the Mexican people consider to be central violations of their rights.