Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). 3. Influence of new host plants on. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and.

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It is not advisable to rear the worms on a plant every year because in that case sufficient foliages will not be available for the developing larvae. The length of continuous silk filament ranges from metres with 4 to 5 breaks.

It makes my fingers tacky when I touch them. Larval period lasts for days. Ring formation is followed by the formation of the peduncle.

Soon after the emergence, the kife moths mate, lay eggs and die. The pin in the photo is to show the scale; it’s a standard steel sewing pin. Freshly hatched worms are kept in flat trays along with small pieces of mulberry leaves. The eggs are white, oval and covered with a gummy substance, which makes them adhere to one another. It is sikkworm distributed and cultured in North-Eastern India particularly in Assam state.

Samia ricini, the eri silkworm

So it takes much time and costly than the traditional silk. The pupa is finally metamorphosed into young adult moth in about days. On hatching it is dull brownish yellow with black head. The thread becomes wrapped around the body of larva forming a pupal case or cocoon.


The larva on hatching is greenish yellow. Tasar silk fiber has its own distinctive color, off coarse to feel, but has higher tensile strength, elongation, and stress-relaxation values than the mulberry silk fiber secreted by Bombyx mori Iizuka, ; Rajkhowa, Das type charkha and Chaudhury type charkha are also available for spinning of silk from eri cocoons.

Tasar silk is mentioned in literature dating back to B. On completion of the spinning, the cocoons are harvested like fruit. Wings generally have an eye-spot.

Kusuma Rajaiah of A. The abdomen which has 10 segments is provided with five pairs of unjointed, stumpy prolegs or pseudolegs.

Rearing of Silkworms: Life Cycle and other details on Silkworms

These egg laid females moths are subjected to pathological test. The males are then attracted by the pheromone secreted by the female and start copulation. In a particular plot rearing should be done every alternate year.

This young moth or imago secretes an alkaline fluid to soften one end of the cocoon and then escapes by forcing its way out of the softened silk. In this article we will discuss about the life cycle of various silk moths: Success has been achieved in this regard to some extent. For this special cooking technique erii employed.

This silk is collected from pierced cocoons, so it is spun silk. Machans are needed to accommodate large number of trays in a limited space. The follicular imprints consist of a single pattern with oval main cells. Initially they feed on soft castor leaves but at later stages, worms can feed on mature leaves. The fabric is light, airy, and stiff, and has its own feel and appeal.

WildSilkBase, CDFD

After this, spinning is done with the help of various machines like, Pusa continuous machine, Takli or Charkha. Cultivation of castor plants is done like the other crops of the year and this can be done on a larger scale.


Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. This process continues for days, at the end of which the caterpillar is enclosed within a thick, somewhat hard, oval, whitish or yellowish cocoon. These are then subjected to heating in oven that kills the chrysalis completely, and thus the cocoons are stifled. Tasar silk is generated by the worm of the silk month Antheraea mylitta.

The female moth lays about eggs on Kharika Fig. The growing worms undergo four moults and have five instar stages. There is an ever-increasing demand for tasar silk owing to its strength, luster and copper brown colour. The wings and body of the male moth are copper brown to dark brown, while those of female is yellowish to brown.

Now the cocoons are subjected to steam-cooking less than 15 lb. The secretion is continuous and after coming in contact with the air sticky secretion is converted into a fine, long and solid thread of silk. Only eggs of disease-free moths are kept for hatching.

Here, you can see a newly ecdysed fifth-instar worm top and a fourth-instar worm bottom. If worms are not protected from these by-products they may get diseased. It is also unique because it contributes to the production of a highly priced silk. Ericulture is a small scale siliworm. The moulting hormone ecdysone plays a vital role.