Joseph Péladan (–), as he was originally called (he later changed his first name to Joséphin), was born in Lyons in the family of the fervent Catholic. Joséphin Péladan (* March 28, in Lyon, France; † June 27, in Neuilly- sur-Seine, France) was a French author, critic and occultist. Péladan, who changed his name from Joseph to Joséphin, described himself as ‘ the sandwich-man of the Beyond,’ exhumed a mystical society founded in.

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A quintessential aspect of aesthetic modernism in the nineteenth century is that it produced not only a body of artworks and a profusion of — ismsbut also a body of institutions and a template of practices that, unlike the art itself, were accepted almost without protest by the European and American art public.

He did not persevere long enough in josepbin practice, he was not successful enough in assembling a coherent group of artists, and he was not well connected to the market. Furthermore, he was so extremely pompous and so obviously contradictory that it made mosephin difficult for anyone to take up his cause openly and in earnest. Mario Praz described him as heroic in intention and comic in results. A brief look at the life of peldaan bizarre, complex individual is needed if we want to understand his proto-curatorship and compare it with contemporary curatorial practices.

We need only recall, for example, the group Les Nabis. He travelled in Italy as a young man, after which he arrived in Paris filled with fervor joseohin loudly ojsephin his mission in the press. Among other things, in a review of the Salon, he wrote: Among his many other extraordinary accomplishments, he claimed to have discovered a new location of the tomb of Christ. The novels reflect his fear of democracy and the coming of the barbarians.

Only rarely is this formula abandoned. Art is normally involved as well—its redeeming potential, the struggle for true art, and so forth. He believed that while the church opposed sorcery, it was not against magic and even supported it. The members of the Order performed works of mercy to prepare for the coming age of the Holy Spirit and, most importantly, sought an inner perfection that would allow them to live a contented life on a perverted earth.

The first is, certainly, the simple fact that, quite unusually for his time, he decided to convey his philosophical and critical views and ideas about art not only in writing but also through large group exhibitions.

The ability to organize and coordinate numerous large productions thus brings the producer as well a direct means for establishing his ideas, views, and artistic aspirations, since in the process the producer is not divorced from the creative function but rather defines even the exhibiting artists and their work, and conceptualizes the event as a whole.

He knew how to acquire devoted collaborators, the necessary funding, and a prestigious venue, and how to promote the event in a way that would attract media attention and the widest possible public. Let us take his first salon as an example. Among other things, the opening also featured specially composed music by Erik Satie.

For his first salon he found such a backer in Count Antoine de la Rochefoucauld, who initially was one of his most important collaborators and also took part in the salon as a painter. Left to fend for themselves on the free market, artists in the nineteenth century increasingly saw regular exhibiting and press coverage as matters of survival and became increasingly dependent on—and in an unequal relation to—potential exhibitors.

Drawing, less as a physical than a psychological technique, was also highly favored because the medium crossed the boundary between the earthly and the spiritual. Women were entirely excluded as exhibiting artists. As eloquently and as loudly as possible, he tried to justify pelavan exhibitions and selections as universal, the most sensible, and the best selections of art at the present moment, and to achieve this, he skilfully employed all sorts of operations that are still pelaadn used by curators today.


For instance, he was very adept at justifying and legitimizing new artistic positions by juxtaposing them with established antecedents and emphasizing the similarities.

In the catalogue of the first salon, he wrote:. Artist, you are the priest: In the nineteenth century, the contemporary art exhibition was still very much in the domain of the market, and many years would pass before it became the preferred form for supporting contemporary art on the part of the big backers and commissioners, politics and capital, and the today ubiquitous but then nonexistent art institutions.

Among other things, the large group exhibition of contemporary art was not yet understood as something that, in the ritualized setting of a museum or gallery, could create narratives, generate meanings, shape worldviews, beliefs, and values, and so potentially even influence society in line with the desires of those who commissioned it. For such large structural shifts to occur, it had to become clear that such an exhibition does not only show and sell contemporary art but can also do much more, especially in terms of constructing specific integral messages and communicating them such that the potential ideological implications go unnoticed.

Here I propose three categories of influence, which may have operated separately or, even more often, as a whole, as an effective integrated work model. I am thinking mainly of his specific view of art in general, its aims and potential. Here the key element is his distinct contribution in raising the status of art, which was based on his understanding of art as a medium for presenting spheres that are suprarational, and as an effective tool for improving the world.

Writers No One Reads • No one reads “the sandwich-man of the Beyond.”

With this understanding of art, a great deal was now expected of the artist, and much more, too, was permitted him. In the twentieth century such views became increasingly established, also in the art field. It has been translated to English by Rawley Grau.

She lives in Ljubljana and works as a writer, educator, and editor. She teaches courses on Slovene art from to the present at the Faculty of Arts of the University of Ljubljana. Her areas of research are visual art and the art system since the mid-nineteenth century with a focus on their role in society. In the past fifteen years her research has concentrated mainly on the topic of contemporary art curating as a profession in the process of establishing itself and the contemporary art exhibition as a medium.

A book of her writings on curatorship is scheduled for publication by the Igor Zabel Association for Culture and Theory in Click to start a discussion of the article above.

Princeton University Press,3.

Joséphin Péladan | A Babylonian Mage in 19th Century Paris

This, of course, is a provisional term for these individuals, although of all the possible professions in the art field, that of the modern-day curator most closely fits their work. Certainly, they had little in common with either the traditional museum custodian or the private gallerist. Today uosephin best-known curators normally have certain well-developed philosophical positions, on which their work is based and which they feel committed to—or at least very passionately defend. Weisberg and Laurinda S.

Syracuse,— Centro Atlantico de Arte Moderna, The strong connection between contemporary art exhibitions and the media, even in the nineteenth century, is evident in peladwn fact that for this first salon, as many as two thousand invitations were sent to the press! In fact, of all the Rosicrucian salons, the first received the best response from the media; this was, I expect, due in part not only to the initial shock at such an extraordinary project, but also to the show itself, which in fact impressed many as a special kind of Gesamtkunstwerk.


All of this led to an increase in negative responses from the press. Essai sur une maladie du lyrisme Grenoble: Millon,—, —, —, and elsewhere.

Thus, he invited both Gustave Moreau and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes to show their work, but he did not receive their permission. He simply idolized Moreau, who, however, evidently had serious doubts about the Rosicrucian hocus-pocus. Of the numerous French artists who showed work in his salons, not many are particularly famous today.

But jose;hin here he was not always successful, as we learn from an amusing anecdote. He wrote about it to his colleague, the painter George Frederic Watts: DuMont Buchverlag,9—10 et passim.

Pincus-Witten, Occult Symbolism in France— Moffitt, Alchemist of the Avant-Garde: Yannick Portebois and Nicholas Terpstra Toronto: In the present article, therefore, I have largely disregarded his specific ideas, which can be so bombastic that they very quickly drown out everything else and take us in their own direction.

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Please click on this link to confirm your subscription. Museum of Fine Arts, Lyon. Museum of Fine Arts D’Angers. We have a soft spot for people, for the humanity of people. We learn to nurture this soft spot through art, through philosophy, through democracy, through our notions of justice or the mosephin of humans.

We learn about the good in the things that are done by the people, for the people, through the people, in the name of the people. But it’s getting josephij out there. Something in this setup is shifting below our feet.

Something is making the image of the people fuzzy, increasingly vague—a There is no harmony in the universe. We have to get acquainted to this idea that there is no real harmony as we have conceived it.

Joséphin Peladan

This can lead to terrible paroxysms of destruction, attempts to shatter the carapace of reality and release the authentic Of all the liberation movements of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, one succeeded without limit. It did not liberate a nation, or a class, or a colony, or a gender, or a sexuality.

What it freed was not the animals, and still less the cyborgs, although it was far from human. What it freed was chemical, an element: A central theme of the Anthropocene was and On the slowly disappearing and torn pages of history They are the migrants that are only recognized over the long distances their caravans travel When I was a child, I was told that when people died they became stars.

We three Red Army soldiers wanted to become Orion when we died. And it calms my heart to think that all the people we killed will also become stars in the same heaven. As the revolution goes on, how the stars will multiply! Defection modifies the conditions within which the struggle takes place, rather than presupposing those conditions to be an unalterable horizon; it modifies the context within which a problem has arisen, rather than facing this problem by opting for one or the other of the provided alternatives.

In short, exit consists of unrestrained invention which alters There is nothing related. Oxford University Press, Philippe Jullian, The Symbolists London: Phaidon, Macdonald, Go to Text. Lucie-Smith, Symbolist Art—