Dystocia is a difficult or prolonged parturition that is a reproductive emergency requiring medical or surgical intervention by a skilled team to minimize perinatal . Dystocia is the medical term used to diagnose a difficult birthing experience. Learn more about Dig Birth Difficulties and treatment at Learn about the veterinary topic of Dystocia in Small Animals. Find specific details on this topic and related topics from the MSD Vet Manual.

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MK Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic.

A recent case report 9 described the delivery of a healthy puppy after a hour interval between puppies and hour duration of stage 2 labor—an interesting outlier within the dystocia patient population. Season Long Continuous Protection. Older primiparous bitches ie, those whelping a litter for the first time are at greater risk. This stage lasts 6 to 12 hours, but primiparous bitches may persist for up to 24 hours.

Canine dystocia–a review of the literature.

Guide to emergency interception during parturition in the dog and cat. Some authors describe concurrent instillation of warm fluid volume should not exceed estimated volume of one fetus into the uterus using a soft rubber catheter. All other opioids have a prolonged elimination time in the neonate and may require 2 to 6 days to metabolize. Use of instrumentation to manipulate and extract the fetus is possible but is not recommended due to the risk of fetal and maternal injury.

Indicators Knowledge of normal gestation and parturition is essential for the identification of problems associated with birth. Dystocia can be a high-stakes emergency for clients and veterinarians because beloved pets, potentially valuable genetic attributes, and financial investments are at risk.


Caesarean section is performed through the linea alba. Certain breeds have a higher incidence of dystocia and a greater need for medical intervention or cesarean delivery.

For questions or inquiries please contact us. Clear communication between veterinary team members and the client throughout the patients pregnancy and during her emergency care will help set accurate outcome expectations. TC Turks and Caicos Islands. Owners should also be questioned about the dam’s previous reproductive history, age, and breed and any treatments or manipulations performed before presentation.

US Minor Outlying Islands. Restless behavior, anorexia, and nesting may all be seen several days before parturition as well as during stage 1 of labor. Clear vaginal discharge, the allantoic fluid, is seen as canin 2 labor begins and precedes each puppy.

Micronesia Federated States Of.

If no contractions can be seen, the dose care maximum dose can be repeated once after 45 minutes. Already have an account? TW Taiwan, Province of China. Silverstein D, Caninr K, eds. Part 1 Part 2. If no ‘true’ dystocia is present, time and rest will enable normal parturition. Sampling Techniques in Birds. What best describes your position?

How to Manage the Bitch with Dystocia – BSAVA – VIN

Multiple placentas may be passed after several puppies are delivered close together. Based on vaginal anatomy, the fetus should be gently pulled caudoventrally, with care not to exert excessive traction on the fetal limbs. J Reprod Fertil Suppl. The uterine incision may be closed with absorbable suture and a single-layer dysocia pattern.


AG Antigua and Barbuda. Negative Pressure Wound Therapy. BA Bosnia and Herzegovina.

A single incision is made in the body of the uterus, and all fetuses are manipulated to this incision for extraction. If ovulation timing is unknown, whelping is estimated to occur 56 to 72 days postbreeding because of the variation in proestrus and estrus between individual animals.

Long hair around the vulva should be clipped and the skin cleaned in preparation for a vaginal examination. Palpation of a stuck puppy in the birth canal. Surgical intervention is mandatory if relative or absolute fetal oversize, uterine torsion or rupture, or obstruction of the birth canal is present, and also if medical therapy fails. Because the fetus is subjected to any anesthetic agent administered to the dam, and because all drugs that cross the blood-brain barrier can cross the blood-placenta barrier, 33 the clinician should administer as little anesthetic as possible.


Canine dystocia–a review of the literature.

Note the malpositioned fetus oriented transversely to the pelvic canal. Developing Stages of Fleas. You are viewing content from the Veterinary Team Brief archive. Mast Cell Tumour Behaviour. Bilateral Medial Canins Luxation.

LY Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Anaesthesia of the dam should be as short and as superficial as possible.