Download scientific diagram | The Burke-Litwin Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change from publication: Change Management Strategy in. Summary. A Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change, or the Burke & Litwin Model, suggests linkages that hypothesize how performance is. To provide a model of organizational performance and change, at least two lines of theorizing need to be W. Warner Burke George H. Litwin The authors go beyond description and suggest causal linkages that hypothesize how.

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Change Management

The Burke-Litwin change model begins with outlining a framework, comprising the affecting factors which can be manipulated to guarantee a smoother transition from one phase of the change process to another. The Three Discovery Techniques. Quinn’s Competing Values Causwl. The content above was reviewed and edited by “Deana Ringler”.

Burke-Litwin: The Performance and Change Model

There are four groups of elements within an organisation; the external environment, transformational factors, transactional factors and performance. It is the external environment that makes an organization to change its mission, culture, leadership and its operating strategies.

Outline of the Approach The model revolves around causaal organizational dimensions: Although the complex parts allow an organization to target all facets of its business, it is the very same complexity that causes the model to be difficult to implement and track. Putting the Burke-Litwin Change Model to Effective Use Burke-Litwin model provides an effective strategy to manage organizational change, but its effectiveness is subject to how well each of the twelve dimensions identified by it are explored and put to use.

Cracking the code of change. External environment Leadership Mission and Strategy Organizational Culture Management Practices Structure Systems Work Unit Climate Task and Individual Skills Motivation Individual Needs and Values Individual and Organization Performance Given the model is broken down into several complex parts or variables as both transformational and transactional, the model is able to reflect on the affects of change at each part, as well as bringing to light if one part litwwin broken.

Everett Rogers – diffusion of innovations. The model is one tool that can be used as a change management initiative. Change Factors that Don’t Fit. Systems includes all types of policies and procedures with regards to both the people and the operations of the organization.


This would litwiin involve identifying motivational triggers. Therefore, using this model can reveal what areas of the business are affected and how they are interrelated. Back to course 0. External environment Mission and strategy Leadership Organizational culture Structure Management practices Systems Work unit climate Task and individual skills Individual needs and values Motivation Individual and organizational performance The model also distinguishes between transformational and transactional organizational dynamics in organizations.

The other most critical aspect is how well the management and moodel staff collaborate to achieve the mkdel strategies and goals as proposed in the change. An example could be consumer behaviour or marketplace conditions. It is important to remember that the model does not make any changes to the critical factors, however it is a useful tool for identifying the relevant factors and how they interact with one another when a change process is occurring or being planned for.

Lasting change to any of these factors is likely to sweep change throughout the organisation. Crafting the Change Message. The caussl focuses on providing a guide for both organizational diagnosis and planned, managed organizational change, one that clearly shows cause-and-effect relationships.

The authors argue these factors are strongly affected by management, rather than leadership. This change model is based on assessing the organizational as well as environmental factors which can be tweaked so as to ensure a bruke change. Identifying the motivation level of the employees will make it easier to determine how willingly they would put in their efforts to achieve organizational goals.

Using the Burke-Litwin Change Model to Manage Organizational Change

Greiner’s Model of Organizational Change. The Burke-Litwin causal model of organizational performance and change consists of 12 parts in which all are interconnected.

Through motivation and individual needs and nurke, we would then see a change to individual and organisational performance. Before we talk about these 12 dimensions, here is a little insight into the basic philosophy on which this change model is based. The most dominant factor that triggers organizational change is the external environment. This dimension takes into account the level of performance, on individual and organizational levels, in key areas like productivity, quality, efficiency, budget and customer satisfaction etc.


This can be represented in many different ways, commonly turnover, productivity, customer satisfaction etc. An experienced, high-level employee may still struggle to adopt new technologies, for example.

The causaal also shows how the 12 parts are connected to moodel other through arrows of feedback Cawsey et al. The model also demonstrates the hierarchy of factors within an organisation and hence the flow of influence from one factor to the next.

The model also distinguishes between transformational and transactional organizational dynamics in organizations. It provides a framework to assess organizational and environmental dimensions that are keys to litiwn change and it demonstrates how these dimensions should be linked causally to achieve a change in performance. The study of structure should not be confined to hierarchical structure; rather it should be a function based structure focusing on the responsibilityauthority, communication, decision making and control structure that exists between the bugke of the organization.

The Performance and Change Model Analyse model. Four Frame Change Model. Benefits of Resistance to Change. The causal model links what could be understood from practice to what is known from research and theory.

The most critical aspect here is establishing the links between the twelve dimensions of this change framework.

Additionally, the order of the 12 parts within the diagram has no particular order to how each part interacts, so it depends on the organization, thus adding to the complexity in applying the model Cawsey et al. The 12 Dimensions Here is a brief description of each of the 12 dimensions identified by the Burke-Litwin mmodel model.

The key external factors that have an impact on the organization must be identified and ccausal direct and indirect impact on the organization should be clearly established. These factors will be most strongly affected by the external environment and will also have the strongest influence on transactional factors. What Causes Resistance to Change in an Organization?