Forma Antika d.o.o. Stanovanje /. .. Izbor arhitektonske forme proizašao je iz asocijacije na srušeni objekat, dispoziciju lokacije i okruženje spomeničke. je jedan od pionira modernog arhitektonskog projektiranja američki arhitekt Louis tog stila – Le Corbusier izbacio novi snažni moto – kuća je stroj za stanovanje. tražili da moderni arhitekti – posao projektiranja otpočnu sa analizom funkcija Karakteristike funkcionalističkih građevina su pravilne geometrijske forme. in Turkey Tradicijska graditeljska forma pèelinjaka u pokrajini Antaliji u Turskoj Ovaj se rad bavi analizom pèelinjaka sa stajališta odnosa tradicijske gradnje i Pèelinjaci, kao primjeri graditeljskih formacija tradicijske arhitekture za Tema njegova magistarskoga rada nosi naslov Stanovanje za starije osobe, a tema.
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The formation of bee yards Ari Serenleri: This study aims to investigate how much the natural elements and ecological system of the honey bee affect the formation of bee yards. Analyses of biomimicry measures on the organism level, behavior level, and ecosystem level as determined by Maibritt Pedersen Zari in were conducted in order to illustrate this phenomenon. Analize biomimikrijskih mjerenja na razini organizma te na bihevioralnoj razini i na razini ekosustava prema Maibritt Pedersen Zari Human settlement and civilization process has developed hand in hand with the development of agriculture.
A process of cultivation was applied to both vegetal and animal species. As a result of the habits of pre-agricultural society, expandable vegetables were gathered from nature and selection was applied to breedable species. The above-defined process is still used in agriculture. A similar approach was applicable for animals, as well. For instance, the animal species that are useful for human beings were domesticated. In this scope, the necessity of building animal shelters to protect them from environmental conditions was an essential requisite of settled life.
It can be seen that all animal shelters are formed according to local characteristics and ecological environment. Human beings learned to take honey from the natural haunts of honeybees during the period when they fulfilled their food needs by gathering from nature. Apiculture bee-keeping was started by humans taking honey without killing bees living in tree cavities and leaving some honey in the haunt for the bees.
The Bogazkoy excavations in Anatolia showed that apiculture was an important agricultural activity during the Hittite civilization in B.
ARCHITECTURE / ARHITEKTURA / DIE ARCHITEKTUR
C Moreover, during those times the honey produced by bees had a religious value and was accepted as holy. It had a symbolic dtanovanju in many societies and took place in sacred books like the Bible or the Quran.
It was determined that Turks used honey and honey products and accepted it as a sort of medicine and a healing food during the nomadic period. Uygurs called honey mir. Also, it is known that there were arrangements for apiculture during the Ottoman Period. The real aim in stanovaniu shelters for honeybees is to provide protection from natural elements and from animal harm e.
| Arhitektonski fakultet
Such building formations are widely seen in this region which has been stanovannju of the important centers for honey production since time immemorial. These are the ahritektonske examples of the mentioned architectural structures in Anatolia.
Numerous researches have put forward that the architectural origins of bee yards date back to ancient times yet these arguments based on formal similarity are not satisfactory. Inspired by nature every society has created its own unique architectural formation. In this scope, it is thought that the hexagonal comb texture formed by the bee can be active on the upper formation of the yards and the live honey bee ecosystem is continued in the natural environment.
In this study, the examples of bee yards are analyzed according to the mimicry measures determined by Zari As a result of this analysis it is seen that there is no element of mimicry on the level of the organism; the mimicry element is related to the upper structure of the bee yards only from the point of the form on a behavioral level and it is related to form, material, construction, process and function on the ecosystem level. In order to make their lives easier mankind observed animals and plants and constructed their environment in their likeness.
Although biomimicry is a recent concept that emerged during the last two decades, it is known that there are examples of this in history.
Human beings were first inspired by the structures created by plants and animals and they used them – and this was not limited to similarity. With the agricultural society human beings developed environmental and settlements 1 Oliver, Kalayci, Arslan, Sorguc, Mosseri, Goss, Arslan, Sorguc, These formations are exposed in local environments as vernacular beginnings since earliest times.
These formations in rural areas and the natural environment made use of natural conditions and living examples plant, animal, etc. Today there is an increase in the production of architectural structures built according to engineering rules by technical staff. However, the vernacular makes up 90 per cent of the world s buildings and comprises approximately million dwellings. Throughout history mankind was inspired by nature. The traits of this inspiration might be observed on columns, ornamentations and other architectural elements of ancient times and is embodied in many architectural movements developed during and after the industrial revolution.
John Smeaton s Eddystone lighthouse tower is the first example inspired from nature in recent eras. In cases of extreme structural projects, the connection between nature and man-made creations is relatively high. Although biomimesis is considered as a formal field of science in the 20 th century, its principles and concepts have been recognized for a long time. The first concise examples date back to the medieval period, to Da Vinci s studies on subjects from mechanisms to medicine.
Arhitektonskf include a natural model, a translation, and an artificial product. They therefore represent extremely complex solutions, and their translation is not merely a matter of form. Basic biological research must analisa the foundation for biomimetics. Interdisciplinary working methods are required from both sides: To this end, the linguistic barriers between the disciplines must be overcome. For this reason, the study of biomimetics includes both life sciences and engineering.
Analogies serve as a starting point for bionic translation. Frei Otto distinguishes between analytic and synthetic approaches to analogy research. Thus, models are abstractions from nature. Architects and builders have always drawn inspiration from nature.
Countless analogies can stanovanuu found in the architecture of all ages. People became interested in Complex Geometry in order to copy perfect natural shapes like crystals. More importantly, that simple geometry turned out to be insufficient for establishing innovative design. Certain specific ratios can be analiiza in the design of life forms in nature. Throughout the centuries, builders and craftsmen of ancient structures have used nature as their guide to proportion their buildings for aesthetic and structural purposes.
As modern structural analysis methods evolved, the necessity of considering structural proportions based on what was observable in nature all but disappeared. This is to be found in the concept of biotechnique or biotechnics, which attracted some interest amongst designers in the late s and s.
In essence, the proposal was this: Innovation Inspired by Nature published in refers to a new scientific field that studies nature, its models, systems, processes and elements, and then imitates or takes creative inspiration from them to solve human problems sustainably.
Buildings, by contrast, are free from the burden to reproduce and self-repair which, in itself, is quite liberating. This allows for great simplicity and innovation. Buildings so conceived are thus able to express an idea, or signify a meaning or a concept beyond their basic function.
Today, biomorphic architecture reflects more and more fkrme destitution of human meanings. The structures of today s buildings refer to animal and plant forms. Therefore, it is not surprising that mankind has always admired biological structures arhitektomske has often been inspired not only by their aesthetic attributes but also by their engineering and design qualities and efficiencies.
Looking to seeds, plants, diatoms, algae, shells, etc.
Since time immemorial nature has been struggling with many of the same problems we now face structure and support, coloring, heating and cooling and has developed the most energy – and materials – efficient design solutions in order to survive. Whether we are designing or specifying building materials e. The influencing factors for the design are the existing environment and the social and cultural situations.
Environmental issues include the availability of space, building materials, energy, climate and ecology, among others. Social and cultural situations include knowledge and available technology, the needs of society and culture, symbolism, rules, etc.
Within the existing typologies, diverse influences from a wide time span have been applied and stored, and much is still readable today, even if the developmental processes and environmental conditions of former times are not known. But the end product, the surviving typology, is to be investigated here. The knowledge needed to build this kind of architecture is usually passed on by local tradition.
The term vernacular architecture is mainly used for residential buildings, excluding temples and palaces. Yet, as constructions for bigger building tasks also deserve investigation, traditional architecture is the term used here. The inherent qualities and the integrated information of traditional typologies can deliver priceless hints and solutions when properly investigated and interpreted.
The importance of traditional architecture as a source of innovation is inadequately identified and used. Most old architectural typologies which have survived to the present day are not adapted to the requirements of a modern civilized life.
For this reason, a simple back to the roots approach would certainly not be appropriate. The qualities and information found in tradition have to be applied to an independent, new solution. The transformation process, which inevitably needs to take place when using principles coming from tradition, is similar to the one used with biological role models.
Abstraction and separation from the role models must be found in order to develop a contemporary and modern solution. The independence of the new design is of utmost importance. The most well- -known, due to impressive photographic documentation, is Bernard Rudofsky s work on ano nymous architecture, published first in Architecture without Architects in Ru dofsky has made architectural traditions from around the world known to a wider audience.
This process requires establishing a correlation by analogy between the design issues to be addressed and the solutions offered by nature.
Location of the formation of bee yards in the Elmali county within in the Antalya province Sl. These villages are famous for honey because of the bee yards. It is known that the bee yards were built until the s. Anatolia was a leader of Mesopotamia in beekeeping and producing honey, like selling wine. In archaic times, the bee figure was used as a decoration on money, tools, sculpture and ornaments. Beekeeping was also important in the Ottoman Empire.
Climatic and environmental conditions were always very suitable for practicing the art of rearing bees. Turkey is in the third place for honeybee potential and in fourth place for honey production worldwide. Antalya is an important apiculture center with its climate, geographical structure, plantation variety and ecology.
The geographical location, rich flora, different vegetation types and climatic properties of Turkey allowed apiculture to flourish and continue in an improved way. The best indicator of this is the bee yards located here.