The Alaria alata is a development stage of a trematode. It multiplies in the intestines of the final host, which are as a rule animals which eat game meat. Through. Summary: The trematode Alaria alata is a cosmopolite parasite found in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), the main definitive host in Europe. In contrast only few data. ABSTRACT. The digenean trematode Alaria alata, an intestinal parasite of wild canids is widely distributed in. Europe. The recent finding of the mesocercarial.

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First interlaboratory test for the detection of Alaria spp. The sporocysts then produce cercariae. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

This infection can alaha treated with praziquantel.

B Free mesocercarium after artificial digestion, showing the characteristics of A. This page was last edited on 22 Marchat Program for Scientific Translations; Helminth parasites of the wolf Canis lupus from Latvia.

Alaria alata in wild boars (Sus scrofa, Linnaeus, 1758) in the eastern parts of Germany

Alaria alatamesocercariae, European mink, Mustela lutreolalarva migrans, parasites. The polyphasic nature of muscle and subcutaneous lesions produced by A. This assumption could explain the local absence of inflammatory reaction around the parasites.


It has been reported that in the United States, raccoons were also found to act as an intermediate host. Showing of 86 references. C Histologic section showing an encysted mesocercarium in the muscle parasite is surrounded by a capsule and pericystic inflammation, which extends to the surrounding muscular tissue. The mesocercariae remain in organs such as the muscles, connective tissue or lungs, and eyes.

The pathogenic effect of A. Filling the gaps in the classification of the Digenea Carus, Unfortunately for humans, it can be quite harmful and even cause death. The mesocercariae transfer to their tissues and remain at this life-cycle stage.

If the infection levels are high, then it may cause pulmonary damage along with haemorrhage which can lead to clinical disease. They have only one opening, the mouth. A Mesocercariae in the muscle and subcutaneous tissue produce whitish, round or slightly oval, well-defined nodules.

It is usually found in the small intestine of dogs, cats, or wild carnivores. Alariosis is a reemerging zoonotic disease caused by infection with larval stages of trematodes of the genus Alaria. Please review our privacy policy. Other hosts include laaria, foxes, and minks. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.


There are two intermediate hosts involved, but there can also be paretic hosts, such as snakes, mice, birds, and humans. Retrieved from ” https: Paratenic hosts also become infected when eating the contaminated intermediate host, either tadpoles or frogs.

The structure of all mesocercariae observed by microscopy suggested that they were alive and active before the mink carcass was frozen. Finally, the parasite reaches its final alaira once ingested, usually a canid. Views Read Edit View history. Alaria alata infection in European mink [letter].

Alaria alata Infection in European Mink

Biology of Alaria spp. Alaaria of animals and man; essentials of trematodology, vol. Prevalence of Alaria infection in companion animals in north central Oklahoma from through and detection in wildlife. If these studies have focused primarily on mesocercariae isolated from meat, few works have been done so far to understand the circulation of the parasite in natural conditions especially in the intermediate hosts.