The Remarkable Account of Ibn Fadlan . But the most important eyewitness account of the Rus is of Ahmed ibn Fadlan, a writer about whom little is known, but. Ibn Fadlan: An Arab Among the Vikings of RussiaOverviewIn , the Arab traveler Ahmad ibn Fadlan (fl. s) went on a diplomatic mission to what is now . Ahmad Ibn-Fadlan says: When а letter of al-Hasan son of Baltavar, the malik of Kipchaks, arrived to the ruler of the righteous al-Muktadir, in which he asked him .

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With this arrangement, the former would receive financial and military help in exchange for paying religious-political homage to the Abbasids. Ibn Fadhlan’s travel account was the source of inspiration to many fictional narratives in Western literature and art, such as the the well known novel Eaters of the Dead by Michael Crichton, filmed as The 13th Warrior directed in by John McTiernan, and the film Beowulf, released in November I saw that during sunrise in that country everything is turned red, whatever is there, the land, and the mountains, and everything what a man sees, and the ascending sun is like a cloud in size, and this redness lasts until it reaches the meridian.

I saw the Rusiyyah when they had arrived on their trading expedition and had disembarked at the River Atil. Then I took out the letter of Caliph and told him: This instance allows us to recall that ” Sakaliba ” Saqaliba in Arabic is “White Saka”, a calque from the endoethnonym “Kipchak”, which in Turkic means “White Sak”, continuing the tradition started by Herodotus that Persians call Scythians “Saka”.

And if injustice fells on one of them or happens something unpleasant, he lifts his face to the sky and says: So, she died while in his possession. And I heard them saying: It describes the adventures of a great Scandinavian warrior of the 6th century. And what I think, is that Sultan is making tricks and sends these people to the Khazars to raise them to war against us, and my opinion is, let him Atrak cut these ambassadors into halves-and-halves everyone into halvesand we shall take what they have”.

I have greater rights on a share of him than his father, until he becomes a man; if their man dies, his brother inherits him ahead of his son. I stopped, looking at it and then it started to move, and it frightened me.


They renounce the ruler of the righteous ‘Ali ibn-Abu-Talib, let Allah be pleased with him, at the end of each pray. Outside of publication Embassy departure. In some quarters translation means substituting correct verbal equivalents, but in their atmosphere the translators can’t be blamed for not understanding what they were doing. He Askal was subordinated to him malik of Bulgarbut only he Askal has not accepted Islam yet.

This link is still to be established firmly on strong historical grounds. The text exists in only one manuscript. Manuscript of the “Geographical Dictionary” by Yakut. And he was handy, quick-witted.

And Takin started to laugh and said: The Beowulf manuscript is now housed in the British Library, London [5].

Ibn-Fadlan – “Risalya” – TurkicWorld

There is a shortage of primary sources on the Vikings. The relationship between Ahmad ibn Fadlzn and Beowulf the etymology of which may be the Arabic name Buliwyf or its variants [7] is autorised by the fact that Ibn Fadhlan’s account of his North-European travel may have been a source for the old English epic.

Indeed Crichton designed Eaters of the Dead as being a fictional version of the fdlan events which created the basis of the ffadlan Beowulf. The custom ign their beggars is that the beggar does not stop at the doors, but enters into the somebody’s house and sits some time at his fire to warm up. The text is also available on the website of McMaster university at: Their food is millet and horsemeat, but they have plenty of wheat and barley, and everyone sow something, takes it for himsel, and the malik does not have any rights on it, except that they pay him each year a skin of a sable from each house.

Then that sent to take her by force, though he is Jewish, and she is a Moslem.

After that conversation he malik favored me, has brought me closer, has distanced my co-journers, and named me Abu-Bekr As-Saduk. A New History of the World. The Great Emir, that is Emir of Khurasan, had more rights to erect the sermon for for the benefit of the ruler of the righteous in this country, if he would find an opportunity, because you are far and as between you and the country about which you talk, is one thousand tribes of infidels.


Ibn Fadlan: An Arab Among the Vikings of Russia |

The manuscript belonged to Dr. Then he said ibbn the translator: And so, this sindian asked for a malik’s sanction to go together with them.

I took it down, made a fire in the caravan, and they co-journeyer were warmed, removed their clothes and dried them … Then we went and rode without stopping with the most strenuous and intense driving what only happens, every night from the midnight till the dusk time immediately after the midday. And in the summer they eat grass and grow thin.

Ibn Fadlan: An Arab Among the Vikings of Russia

Each man from the nails of his toes to his neck is covered with dark-green lines, pictures and the like. And this is a river of small width, its width is five elbows, and its water to a navel, and in places to the neck, and in the most part it reaches a height of a man. If a man drink it, cadlan will intoxicate him as wine, and even more. At the southern end of the Volga were the Khazars, and in what is now central Russia the party fadlam yet another Turkish group, the Bashkirs.

It was something of a disappointment, but that’s Hollywood for you They were even shorter than this one, but they already began to increase in length”. And if a person who has she-slaves and slaves falls ill, they serve him, and nobody of his members of household would come nearer to him.

They inhabitants drill it and put under it a vessel, and a liquid water more pleasant than honey flows from this hole. When we passed fifteen days, we reached a big mountain with a lot of rocks, from which the springs are flowing if you excavate for water. Each woman has, on her breast, a small disc, tied around her neck, made of either iron, silver, copper or gold, in relation to her husband’s financial and social worth.

A movie poster of the 13th Warrior Image from: